Born 1938 in England. Married, with two children.


BA (University of Wales), MA (University of Cambridge), MA (University of Oxford), B. Litt. (University of Oxford), DD (Cambridge), DD (Oxford).

Posts held

Lecturer in Logic, University of Glasgow, 1964-69.
Lecturer in Philosophy, University St. Andrews, 1969-71.
Lecturer in Philosophy of Religion, University of London (King’s College) 1971-76.
Fellow, Dean and Director of Studies in Philosophy and in Theology, Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and University Lecturer in Divinity, 1976-83.
F. D. Maurice Professor of Moral and Social Theology, University of London, 1983-1986.
Professor and Head of the Department of the History and Philosophy of Religion, University of London, 1986-1991.
Regius Professor of Divinity, University of Oxford, 1991- 2003.
Now Emeritus Student (i.e. Life Fellow) of Christ Church, Oxford.
Gresham Professor of Divinity, Gresham College, London, 2004 – 2008.
Professorial Research Fellow, Heythrop College, London, 2009 – 2019
Professor of Philosophy of Religion, Roehampton University, 2019 – 2021

Ordained priest in the Church of England. 1972.
Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, 1991 –.
Fellow of the British Academy 2000 –
Honorary Doctorate, Free University of Amsterdam, 2000.
Honorary Doctorate, University of Glasgow, 2007.
Honorary Doctorate, Virginia Theological Seminary, 2019
Honorary Fellow of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and an Honorary Fellow of the University of Cardiff.
Former Member of Executive Council, Royal Institute of Philosophy.
Former Joint Editor of Religious Studies, Member of Editorial Boards of: Religious Studies,Journal of Contemporary ReligionStudies in Inter-Religious DialogueWorld Faiths Encounter.
Former President, World Congress of Faiths

I have been a visiting professor at Drake University, Iowa, at Claremont Graduate School, California, at the University of  Tulsa, Oklahoma, at Cornell College, Iowa, at Hartford Seminary, and Virginia Theological Seminary.


The Teape Lectures in Delhi, Bangalore and Calcutta, 1989.
The Edward Cadbury Lectures at the University of Birmingham, 1980.
The Selwyn Lectures in Auckland and Wellington, New Zealand, 1993.
The Gifford Lectures at the University of Glasgow, 1993-4.
I was Overseas Research Fellow of the South African Centre for Science Development, 1998.
Witherspoon Lecturer at Princeton, 2000.
Frank Woods fellow, University of Melbourne, 2003
John Albert Hall lecturer, University of Victoria, British Columbia, 2006
Hensley Henson lectures, University of Oxford, 2008
Senior Research Fellow, Metanexus Institute, Philadelphia, 2007-8
Sarum lectures, Salisbury, England, 2008
Robert Boyle lecture and medal, London, 2009
James Gregory lecture and medal, St. Andrews, 2009
Residential Fellow, Rockefeller Foundation, Bellagio, 2009
Fellow, Istituto Veneto di Science, Lettere ed Arti, 2010

Invited key-note speaker at:
Al Jazeera conference on science and faith, Doha, 2009
Irish Theological Society, Dublin, 2009
Rene Clavel Stiftung, Basel, on comparative theology, 2009
Virginia Theological Seminary and the National Cathedral Washington, 2009
Research Institute for Muslim Sciences, Istanbul, 2009
University of Western Australia and Perth Cathedral, 2009
Sigtuna Stiftelsen, Sweden, 2009
Istituto Veneto di Science, Lettere ed Arti, (Venice) May, 2010
Virginia Theological Seminary, Visiting Professor, Fall, 2010